Application Security Terminology

Glossary

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Types of Data Breaches

A data breach is when confidential information is exposed by intentional or unintentional means.

What are the different types of data breaches?

  1. Denial-of-Service – Denial-of-Service attacks occur when a website is overwhelmed with requests, which blocks other users from the site. 
  2. Malware – Any type of virus, including worms and Trojans, is malware.
  3. Ransomware – Ransomware is often, but not exclusively, used on businesses that need access to time sensitive data, such as hospitals. A hacker gains control of the company system and locks it from use. A ransom note is left within the virus. The company or user is extorted to pay money for data to be restored or their data is destroyed. 
  4. Password attacks – Password attacks are combination of brute force attacks that are used to gain access to insecure passwords. A hacker uses a program that tries multiple passwords to get access to a user’s data until a password work. 
  5. Phishing – Email or phone calls that seem official to gain access or personal information is called phishing. They frequently take the guise of known, credible entities—such as a person’s bank. Various levels of misrepresentation to outright deception are employed to defraud or gain information.
  6. Insider threat - Your employees know how your organization runs and operates, how important information can be accessed and how it is protected. This is why it is important employees are trained correctly and proper security protocols implemented.

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