Hey Everybody! We’re back from our 1 week break due to crazy schedules and even now we are without Jeremiah. Coconuts don’t make great WiFi antennae or something.
Started this episode talking about some Vendors who decided to do some weird, bad stuff this past week. In both stories it seems some security vendors were caught being naughty, starting with Tiversa. They are a security firm that decided it’d be a good idea to extort their own clients by finding a fake vulnerability and asking for money to fix this fake vulnerability. Then Tencent and Qihoo, two different Chinese AV Vendors, were both caught cheating on a certification test about how good their products were.
Moving away from shady vendors and on to shady home wireless routers. Not news to anybody, really: wifi routers you buy off the shelf aren’t quite state of the art when it comes to security. Hence, we see some sort of router hacking story pop up all the time. This time SOHO routers were targeted by the hacking group Anonymous, as per a report from Incapsula. It seems Anonymous saw a good opportunity to exploit these home routers and use them as a botnet, running their DDoS tool for fun and profit. The extremely 1337 H@x0r methodology being used here, which takes many years of cyber security experience and probably a CISSP to exploit, is a default username and password. Try to keep up here, the DEFAULT USERNAME AND PASSWORD out of the box was used to compromise MILLIONS of home routers and turn them into DDoS bots. I’ll just leave that there.
Next, Robert talked about some of the most ridiculous topics we’ve talked about on the podcast. He somehow related 3d printed ammunition to a story about Nazis and child pornography. You see, some court ruled somewhere that the file on the computer that can be used to 3d print bullets is now considered as munitions legally. In related(?) news, there was some Nazi war camp website that got hacked and got child pornography uploaded to it. When child porn is involved, the government immediately must confiscate the computers as evidence which essentially takes the website offline. Robert related the two by saying that you could also upload a 3d printer file which would have the same effect, now that a file can constitute illegal munitions.
In vulnerability disclosure news, PayPal was vulnerable to Remote Code Execution via a 3rd party library they were using. The Java Debug Wire Protocol using Shellifier was leaving port 8000 open on some Paypal servers, which allowed an attacker to gain access remotely — without authenticating — and execute commands. The part we don’t know yet is whether or how much PayPal paid the researcher who disclosed this to them. They’ve been known to pay big bounties in the past.
Robert then covered a fake mobile app called Dubsmash 2 that was uploaded to the Google Play store this week and got wildly popular. Apparently, Dubsmash is a popular app which allows you to lip sync to some songs — but the fraudulent sequel app wouldn’t be nearly as fun. What it did was immediately remove the “Dubsmash” part of the app and replace the icon with a mimic “Settings” icon. The moment a user clicked this icon, the app would generate thousands of pop-unders of porn sites and click on ads. The thought here was they are using this in a pay-per-click fraud scheme to generate earnings for the developer. 500,000 users downloaded the fake app to date.
Lastly, we talked about a CSRF vulnerability disclosed via HackerOne to Twitter about 11 months ago and recently disclosed publicly. This CSRF protection bypass was *very* creative and used a behavior in certain frameworks which treats commas as semicolons. This would allow an attacker to exploit a user by sending them a malicious link which would allow the attacker to use the CSRF token they stole on mobile.twitter.com. Really cool research that I’m glad eventually became public.
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Notable stories this week that didn’t make the cut: